SAPPHIRE

One of the more beautiful gemstones found throughout the world are Sapphires. Sapphires are truly for color lovers. Sapphires come in many different types of colors from colorless to yellow, orange, to blue. Sapphires are from the mineral Corundum; this mineral is one of the strongest and hardest on earth and is perfect for making high quality jewelry pieces. Sapphire is perhaps one of the oldest known gemstones. It was revered by kings and queens from the beginning of time. Sapphire comes from Latin word sapphirus. It is the word for blue. Besides Sapphire, Corundum is also responsible for another highly valued gemstone- the ruby. The ruby is the same mineral element as Sapphire; the only difference being is that it either comes in a beautiful deep red or a pinkish red. The ruby has the privilege of its own name and up until the early 1800’s, it wasn’t known that both Rubies and Sapphires were made from the same mineral. Sapphires are made from aluminum and can include many other small particles such as titanium and chromium. Even iron can be present in Sapphires. These elements help to make what is called color centers, or the part of the mineral that gives off beautiful colors. It should be noted that color centers are not fully understand, however, the color of a Sapphire can be changed usually by irradiation (with the help of extreme heat or other types of radiation). But you don’t have to worry; Sapphires are usually stable and usually won’t be effected by normal day to day wear and tear.

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